Study the cervix and uterus easier with the following cervix diagrams to help you learn about the anatomy of the reproductive system organs. We have labeled diagrams which include the anatomy of the uterus. Explore the diagrams in the following images below. Click on one image to enlarge and save it!
The cervix is the lower part of the uterus in the human female reproductive system. The cervix is usually 2 to 3 cm long and roughly cylindrical in shape, which changes during pregnancy. The narrow, central cervical canal runs along its entire length, connecting the uterine cavity and the lumen of the vagina. The cervical canal is a passage through which sperm must travel to fertilize an egg cell after sexual intercourse. Check out all those parts in the following cervix diagram below!
The uterus is shaped like an upside-down pear and has thick walls. The uterus’s main function is to house and nourish a fetus until it’s ready for birth. The corpus is the main body of the uterus. It’s very muscular and can stretch to accommodate a developing fetus. The corpus is lined by a mucous membrane called the endometrium. This membrane responds to reproductive hormones by changing its thickness during each menstrual cycle. If an egg is fertilized, it attaches to the endometrium. If no fertilization occurs, the endometrium sheds its outer layer of cells, which are released during menstruation.
All the major parts of the female reproductive system are shown. Click on any of these muscles diagrams for a quick print!